Back Home

 

R&D priorities from Canada that might use nanoscale science and technology components already or will be in the future and some that might or already use synbio

A table by Gregor Wolbring University of Calgary (2007)

 

Canadian R&D priorities (1)

N or y impacted by

Z developments enabled by Nano will impact on

 

Figure 7.2

Sixteen Technology Applications Scoring Highest in the RAND Study(1)

 

Application

Synbio trad gen code/artificial gen code/Cyborg cell

 

 

Biotech/nanobio

Nano molecular manufacturing/ nanobot/nanoscale material/nanoscale

Rural wireless communications

 

 

-/-/x/x

Genetically modified crops

x/x/x

x/x

y/-/x/x

Filters and catalysts for water purification

x/x/x

x/x

-/-/x/x

Cheap housing for adaptable shelter and energy

 

 

 

Rapid assays to detect specific biological substances

x/x

x/x

-/-/x/x

Green manufacturing

x/x/x

x/x

x/-/x/x

Ubiquitous radio-frequency identification tagging of products and people

-/-/-

-/-

-/-x/x

Hybrid vehicles

x/x/x

-/-

-/-/x/x

Drug delivery targeted to specific tumours or pathogens

x/x/x

x/x

-/-/x/x

Improved diagnostic and surgical methods

x/x/x

x/x

-/-/x/x/

Quantum-mechanical cryptography for secure information transfer

-/-/-/

-/-

-/-/x/x

Communication devices for ubiquitous information access

-/-/-

-/-

-/-/x/x/

Pervasive sensors

x/x/x/

x/x

-/-/x/x

Tissue engineering

x/x/x/

x/x

x/-/x/x

Computers embedded in clothing or other wearable items

-/-/x/

-/-

-/-/x/x

Cheap solar energy

x/x/x/

x/x

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WHAT ARE EMERGING AREAS OF POTENTIALLY SIGNIFICANT STRENGTH

FOR CANADA?

Synbio trad gen code/artificial gen code/Cyborg cell

 

 

Biotech/nanobio

Nano molecular manufacturing/ nanobot/nanoscale material/nanoscale

Clean fossil fuel technologies; CO2 sequestration; etc.

x/x/x

x/x

-/-/x/x

􀂁 Clean renewable energy wind, biofuels, etc.

x/x/x

x/x

  -/-/x/x

􀂁 Energy recovery technologies e.g. oil sands; gas hydrates

x/x/x

x/x

-/-/x/x

􀂁 Fuel cells and the hydrogen economy

x/x/x

-/-

-/-/x/x

􀂁 Next generation nuclear technologies for medical, energy and materials science Applications

?/?/?

?/?

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

􀂁 Improved diagnostic and surgical methods

x/x/x

x-x

-/-/x/x

􀂁 Genetically "customized" health care

x/x/x

x/x

-/-/x/x

􀂁 Drug delivery targeted to specific tumours or pathogens

x/x/x

x/x

-/-/x/x

􀂁 Tissue engineering (including stem cells, etc.)

x/x/x

x/x

 -/-/x/x

􀂁 Rapid assays to detect specific biological substances (including pathogens)

x/x/x

x/x

-/-/x/x

􀂁 Advanced bio-based materials

x/x/x

x/x

-/-/-/x/

􀂁 Genetically modified crops

x/x/x/

x/x

-/-/x/x/

􀂁 Filters and catalysts for water purification

x/x/x/

x/x

-/-/x/x/

􀂁 Sustainable development and the extractive industries

x/x/x/

x/x

-/-/x/x

􀂁 Green manufacturing

x/x/x

x/x

 x/-/x/x

􀂁 High performance computing

x/x/x/

x/x

-/-/x/x/

􀂁 Ubiquitous radio-frequency identification (RFID) tagging of products

-/-/-

-/-

-/-/x/x

􀂁 Public and personal security technologies

x/x/x

x/x

-/-/x/x

􀂁 Quantum cryptography for secure information transfer

?/?/?

-/-

-/-/x/x

 

Appendix 4: Survey Results on 197 Sub-Areas(1)

 

 

Applications:

Synbio trad gen code/artificial gen code/Cyborg cell

 

 

Biotech/nanobio

Nano molecular manufacturing/ nanobot/nanoscale material/nanoscale

1Oilsands and Related* 316 6.41

X

y/y/y/

-/-/x/-

2 Conventional Oil & Gas Exploration/Extraction* 305 5.66

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

3 Hydroelectric Power* 291 5.56 79 2 22 9 Nat Res

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

4 Resource Production in Cold Climates* 254 5.48

Xxx

y/y/y/

-/-/x/-

5 Geology 234 5.44

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

6 Mining Exploration* 249 5.35

Xxx

y/y/y/

-/-/x/-

7 Mineral Extraction & Primary Processing* 237 5.34

Xxx

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

8 Aluminium Production* 120 5.34

 

x/x/x

?

9 Physical Geography, Remote Sensing 247 5.32

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

10 Petroleum / Polymer Eng 244 5.24

Xx

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

11 Genetics (Medical) 381 5.24

Xx

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

12 Geochem & Geochronology 170 5.23

 

 

-/-/x/-

13 Mining & Mineral Processing 218 5.22

Xx

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

14 Offshore Oil and Gas* 287 5.21

 

x/x/x/

?

15 Comms & Network Eng 233 5.20

 

 

-/-/x/x

16 New Media, Multimedia, Animation, Gaming* 169 5.19

 

 

-/-/x/-

17 Geophysics & Seismology 198 5.19

X

y/y/y/

-/-/x/-

18 Genetics, Genomics & Proteomics 474 5.18

xx

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

19 Hydrology 208 5.17

 

 

-/-/x/-

20 Telecom Equipment* 313 5.17

 

y/y/y

-/-/-/x

21 Broadband Networks* 302 5.16

 

 

-/-/-/x

22 Oceanography 241 5.15

 

 

?

23 Cancer Research 441 5.14

Xx

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

24 Pipelines* 260 5.12

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

25 Climate Science 265 5.11

Xx

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

26 Wireless Networks* 330 5.09

 

 

-/-/x/x

27 Cold Climate Construction* 217 5.08

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

28 Optics, Lasers 188 5.05

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

29 Astronomy, Astrophysics, Cosmology 207 5.05

 

x/x/x

?

30 Neurobiology /

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

Neurosciences 331 5.02 67 11 39 14 Health & Rel

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

31 Computer Software

 

 

-/-/x/x

Development & Theory 258 5.00

X

y/y/y

?

32 Telecom Services* 277 5.00

 

 

-/-/x/x

33 Aerospace Products and Parts* 184 4.98

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

34 Electricity Distribution* 246 4.96

 

 

-/-/x/-

35 Forestry Engineering 208 4.95

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

36 Genomic and Proteomic Technologies* 408 4.94

Xx

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

37 Circulatory & Respiratory 337 4.93

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

38 Infection & Immunity 384 4.91

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

39 Artificial Intell, Robotics 262 4.91

X

y/y/y

-/x/x/x

40 Electronic & Photonic Eng 240 4.90

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

41 Meteorology 208 4.90

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

42 Visual & Creative Arts 126 4.89

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

43 Neuroscience, Mental

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

Health, Addiction 340 4.89

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

44 Quantum Informatics 167 4.89

 

 

-/-/x/x

45 Electrical Engineering 231 4.89

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/x

46 Satellite-based Systems and Services* 270 4.88

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/x

47 Fuel Cell & Hydrogen* 241 4.87

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-x

48 Geography; Urban & Environmental Planning 165 4.85

 

 

-/-/x/-

49 Computer Databases, Information Systems 234 4.85

 

 

-/-/x/x

50 Pulp & Paper* 129 4.85

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

51 Timber Harvesting Technols* 262 4.84

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

52 Library & Archive Science 107 4.83 60 12 34 14

 

 

?

53 Software Development* 336 4.82

 

 

?

54 Communications, Media & Cultural Sciences 171 4.81

 

 

-/-/x/-

55 Nuclear Power* 292 4.81

X?

x/x/x/y/y/y/

-/-/x/-

56 Humanities "Computing" 100 4.81

 

 

?

57 Soil Science 177 4.81

Xx

y/y/y/

-/-/x/-

58 Building Construction* 150 4.80

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

59 Food Safety Assurance Technologies* 157 4.80

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

60 Organic Chemistry 150 4.79

 

 

-/-/x/-

61 Language & Literature 134 4.78

 

 

 

62 Aerospace Engineering 284 4.77

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

63 Civil Engineering 233 4.77

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

64 Hydrocarbon Refining* 232 4.77

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

65 Medical Imaging Technols* 401 4.76

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

66 Other Non-conventional Hydrocarbons* 252 4.75

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

67 Environmental Engineering 239 4.75

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

68 ICT Systems Engineering* 233 4.72

 

 

-/-/x/x

69 Plant Biotechnologies* 316 4.71

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

70 Cell Biology 380 4.71

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

71 Nutrition, Metabolism & Diabetes 314 4.70

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

72 Biomedical Engineering 225 4.69

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

73 Polymer Chemistry 163 4.69

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

74 Aquaculture* 166 4.67

 

 

-/-/x/-

75 Agricultural Engineering 179 4.67

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

76 e-Learning* 177 4.67

 

 

 

77 Materials Engineering & Sci 234 4.67

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

78 Physical Chemistry 165 4.67

 

 

-/-/x/x

79 e-Government* 175 4.66

 

 

-/-/-/x

80 Clean Water Technologies* 253 4.66

X

y/y/y

 

 

 

 

 

81 Motor Vehicle Parts/Products 181 4.65

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

82 Nuclear Engineering 210 4.65

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

83 Ecology & Evolutionary Biology 331 4.65

x

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

84 Advanced Industrial Materials* 159 4.64

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

85 Forest Conservation* 268 4.64

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

86 Stem-cell Therapeutics* 406 4.64

X

y/y/y/

-/-/x/x

87 Biochemistry 389 4.64

 

 

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

88 Robotics, Automation & AI* 290 4.63

X

y/y/y

x/x/x/x

 

 

 

 

89 Law & Criminology 142 4.63

 

 

-/-/x/x

90 Inorganic Chemistry 147 4.63

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

91 Population & Public Health 339 4.62

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-x

 

 

 

 

92 Condensed Matter Physics 166 4.61

X?

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

93 Nanotechnology(Electronics, Photonics)* 181 4.60

 

x/x/x

 

 

 

 

 

94 Political Sci & Public Admin 168 4.59

Z

Z

Z

 

 

 

 

95 Data - Architecture, Processing Security* 251 4.59

 

 

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

96 Microbiology 342 4.58

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

97 Aging 375 4.57

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-x

98 Computer - Human Interfaces 221 4.57

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

99 Plant Biology 321 4.57

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/x

100 Applied Math 207 4.56

 

 

 

101 ICT-enabled Commercial Services* 155 4.56

Z

Z

Z

 

 

 

 

102 Other Chemical Engineering 192 4.56

 

 

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

103 Sawmills/Primary Processing* 220 4.56

 

 

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

104 Animal Biology 317 4.56

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

105 Food Processing Technols* 144 4.56

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

106 Business & Management Sci 170 4.55

Z

Z

Z

 

 

 

 

107 New Food Development & Food Biotechnologies* 164 4.54

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

108 Nuclear Physics 169 4.54

 

 

-/-/x/x

109 Clinical Research 357 4.54

 

 

-/-/x/-

110 Nanomaterials* 192 4.53

 

x/x/x

 

111 Economics 187 4.53

z

z

Z

112 Human Development, Child & Youth Health 317 4.53

Z

z

Z

 

 

 

 

113 Gender & Health 307 4.53

z

Z

Z

114 Environmental Monitoring & Systems* 239 4.52

X

y/y/y/

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

115 Pure Math 190 4.52

 

 

 

116 Systems Biology & Bioinformatics 373 4.51

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/n

 

 

 

 

117 Demography 131 4.51

z

z

Z

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

118 Musculoskeletal Health & Arthritis 299 4.51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

119 Analytical Chemistry 149 4.51

 

 

-/-/x/-

120 Catalytic Processes* 105 4.50

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

121 Fish Harvesting & Processing* 153 4.50

 

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

122 Computer Engineering 253 4.50

 

 

-/-/x/x

123 Aboriginal Health 362 4.49 54 22

 

 

 

124 Food Handling & Marketing* 131 4.49

z

z

Z

 

 

 

 

125 Education 172 4.48

Z

z

Z

126 Health Services & Policy 353 4.48 51 21

z

z

Z

127 Infrastructure Construction * 140 4.48

 

 

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

128 e-Commerce* 175 4.48

 

 

 

129 Polymer Synthesis, Plastics* 122 4.47

X

y/y//y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

130 Nanoscale Physical Science 200 4.47

 

y/y/y

 

 

 

 

 

131 Elementary Particle Physics 158 4.44

 

 

-/-/x/n

 

 

 

 

132 Social Psychology 136 4.44

z

z

Z

133 Kinesiology 242 4.44

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

134 Microelectronics Components & Systems* 270 4.43

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

135 Veterinary Science 254 4.43

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

136 Global Health 346 4.42

z

z

Z

137 Math Statistics 173 4.42

 

 

 

138 Experimental Psychology 238 4.42

 

 

 

139 Air Transport Technologies* 130 4.41

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

140 Nanobiotech &

X

y/y/y

Y

Biomimetics* 64 4.41

 

 

 

141 Bioinformatics* 335 4.41

 

 

 

142 Nano and Regenerative xMed 282 4.41

X

y/y/y

 

 

 

 

 

143 History 124 4.41

 

 

 

144 Metal Products* 136 4.41

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

145 Physiology 295 4.40

 

 

-/-/x/-

146 Linguistics 131 4.39

 

 

 

147 Space Science 223 4.37

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

148 Architecture (Design) 105 4.37

 

 

-/-/x/-

149 Animal Biotechnologies* 280 4.35

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

150 Nanostructures & Fabrication* 176 4.34

 

x/x/x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

151 Industrial & Environ Biotech* 311 4.32

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

152 e-Health* 165 4.30

 

 

-/-/x/x

153 Steel-making* 119 4.30

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

154 Other Medical Devices* 146 4.30

 

 

-/-/x/-

155 Anthropology 150 4.28 35 17 16 18

z

z

Z

156 Sociology 164 4.27

z

z

Z

157 Philosophy 105 4.26

z

z

Z

158 Agro-Chemical Technologies* 149 4.25

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

159 Industrial Engineering 212 4.24

 

 

-/-/x/-

160 Other Mechanical Eng 226 4.23

 

 

-/-/x/-

161 "Green Building" Technologies* 238 4.22

 

 

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

162 Printing Technologies* 89 4.22

 

 

-/-/x/-

163 Clean Air* 221 4.20

X

y/y/

-/-/x/-

164 Nursing Science 263 4.19

x/x/x

x/x

-/-/x/-

165 Pharmaceutical Development* 433 4.18

X

y/y/

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

166 Computer & Related Equipment* 287 4.18

 

 

-/-/x/x

 

 

 

 

167 Other Transportation Equipment* 125 4.17

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

168 Automotive Engineering 255 4.15

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

169 Nanoscale Biosciences 267 4.14

x

y/y/y

 

170 Archaeology 91 4.14

 

 

 

171 "Clean" Hydrocarbons* 231 4.13

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

172 Religious Studies 87 4.13

 

 

 

173 Agricultural Machinery* 131 4.09

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

174 Dental Science 243 4.09

 

 

-/-/x/-

175 Smart Energy & Conservation* 250 4.08  

X

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

176 Medical Nanotech* 152 4.07

X

y/y/y

 

177 Recycling & Recovery* 249 4.06

 

 

-/-/x/-

178 Energy Cogeneration* 229 4.06

x

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

179 Computer Hardware 92 4.03

 

 

-/-/x/x

180 Plasma Physics 125 4.02

 

 

-/-/x/x

181 Architectural Eng 160 4.01

x

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

182 Biofuels* 259 4.00

x

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

183 Rail Transport Technologies* 148 3.99 41 40 17 33

 

 

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

184 Solid Waste Management* 239 3.96

x

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

185 Road Transport

 

 

-/-/x/-

Technologies* 137 3.90

 

 

 

186 Furniture & Related Products* 124 3.88 27 33 3 48

 

 

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

187 Classics 103 3.86

 

 

 

188 Machinery (Electric)* 124 3.84

 

 

-/-/x/-

189 Machinery (Nonelectric)* 119 3.81

 

 

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

190 Microfabrication* 109 3.80

 

 

-/-/x/-

191 Advanced Textiles* 95 3.76

 

 

-/-/x/-

192 Multi-modal Transport* 101 3.76

 

 

-/-/x/-

193 Wind Power Technologies* 274 3.62

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

194 Solar Power Technologies* 244 3.40

x

y/y/y

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

 

195 Marine Transport* 112 3.38

 

 

-/-/x/-

196 Clothing* 118 3.34

 

 

-/-/x/-

197 Shipbuilding*

 

x/x/x

-/-/x/-

 

 

 

References

 

Committee on the State of Science & Technology in Canada 2006, The State of Science and Technology in Canada, The Council of Canadian Academies. June 21, online: http://www.scienceadvice.ca/study.htmlwww.scienceadvice.ca/documents/Complete%20Report.pdf